Drowning in Children

Drowning is defined as death due to suffocation from submersion in water. The definition implies that a drowning victim develops an air-liquid interface that prevents the breathing of air. ”Near drowning” is the term used when submersion victim survives. ”Wet drowning” is the term used when fluid is aspirated into the lungs. Clinical Features Patients … Read more

What is Tetanus in Children

Tetanus is an acute, sometimes fatal, disease of the central nervous system, caused by a soluble exotoxin of bacteria clostridium tetani, which usually enters the body through an open wound. Tetanus bacteria live in soil and manure, but also can be found in the human intestine, animal saliva, and other places: Epidemiology of Tetanus Agent Clostridium … Read more

What is Poliomyelitis?

Poliomyelitis is a highly infectious disease caused by Enterovirus- Polio Type I, II, III. This is a disease of digestive tract but since it can cause paralysis and deformity. It is usually attack the children below 5 years. What is epidemiology of Poliomyelitis? Agent Mode of infection Incubation period and transmission of infection Reservoir and … Read more

Foreign body

Introduction Children are prone to injury from foreign bodies because of their curiosity and desire to taste and manipulative objects and toys. It is this childhood inclination for exploration that results in the serious problems of aspiration, insertion, and ingestion of foreign bodies. The complications of foreign bodies in the upper and lower airway, the … Read more

Poisoning in Children

Ingestion of any poisonous substance in children is called poisoning in children. Accidental poisoning in home is common. When young children explore the world, they use all their senses including taste. They put everything in mouth to find out what it is and how it tastes? So, adults must make sure that children do not … Read more

What are Elimination Disorders?

Elimination disorders are present in children that urinate or defecate in places other than the toilet. This condition is diagnosed in children between the ages of 7 and 12. Elimination disorders primarily fall under enuresis, where urine is passed outside the toilet. Encopresis is the passage of feces on bed or outside the toilet. In … Read more

What is Juvenile Delinquency

Introduction Juvenile delinquency is a blanket term, which obscures rather than clarifies our understanding of human behavior. The psychiatrist and psychologist call them ”emotionally disturbed” while judiciary has one term of them -“delinquents.”  Juvenile delinquency is also called delinquency. When a person reaches adulthood, antisocial and criminal behavior done by him can be said as … Read more

What are Eating Disorders?

An eating disorder is a mental disorder defined by an abnormal eating behaviors that negatively affect a person’s physical or mental health. Eating disorders can occur in people of any age, sex, race and of all body weights, shapes and sizes. The physical, mental and emotional symptoms vary from person to person and by type of eating disorders. Treatment may combine cognitive … Read more


Pica is a eating disorder that involves the persistent eating of non nutritive or non edible substances (such as clay or chalks) and habit must be persist for more than 1 month of an age in which this behavior is developmentally inappropriate. Types of Pica The types of pica are characterized by which substance eaten … Read more


Breastmilk is the ideal food for infants. Breastfeeding is the process by which human breast milk is fed to a child. Breast milk may be from the breast, or may be expressed by hand or pumped and fed to the infant. It is most effective way to provide baby with a caring environment and complete … Read more