Drowning in Children

Drowning is defined as death due to suffocation from submersion in water. The definition implies that a drowning victim develops an air-liquid interface that prevents the breathing of air. ”Near drowning” is the term used when submersion victim survives. ”Wet drowning” is the term used when fluid is aspirated into the lungs. Clinical Features Patients … Read more

What is Tetanus in Children

Tetanus is an acute, sometimes fatal, disease of the central nervous system, caused by a soluble exotoxin of bacteria clostridium tetani, which usually enters the body through an open wound. Tetanus bacteria live in soil and manure, but also can be found in the human intestine, animal saliva, and other places: Epidemiology of Tetanus Agent Clostridium … Read more

What is Poliomyelitis?

Poliomyelitis is a highly infectious disease caused by Enterovirus- Polio Type I, II, III. This is a disease of digestive tract but since it can cause paralysis and deformity. It is usually attack the children below 5 years. What is epidemiology of Poliomyelitis? Agent Mode of infection Incubation period and transmission of infection Reservoir and … Read more

Foreign body

Introduction Children are prone to injury from foreign bodies because of their curiosity and desire to taste and manipulative objects and toys. It is this childhood inclination for exploration that results in the serious problems of aspiration, insertion, and ingestion of foreign bodies. The complications of foreign bodies in the upper and lower airway, the … Read more

What is Juvenile Delinquency

Introduction Juvenile delinquency is a blanket term, which obscures rather than clarifies our understanding of human behavior. The psychiatrist and psychologist call them ”emotionally disturbed” while judiciary has one term of them -“delinquents.”  Juvenile delinquency is also called delinquency. When a person reaches adulthood, antisocial and criminal behavior done by him can be said as … Read more


Pica is a eating disorder that involves the persistent eating of non nutritive or non edible substances (such as clay or chalks) and habit must be persist for more than 1 month of an age in which this behavior is developmentally inappropriate. Types of Pica The types of pica are characterized by which substance eaten … Read more